NASA says James Webb Space Telescope ‘fully aligned’

NASA says James Webb Space Telescope 'fully aligned'

To illustrate the telescope’s readiness, NASA shared a teaser image taken by Webb’s Mid-Infrared Instrument, or MIRI. The new image shows a side-by-side comparison of observations of a nearby galaxy taken by Webb, versus observations of the same galaxy taken previously by NASA’s now-retired Spitzer Space Telescope.

With its instruments aligned, the Webb telescope awaits a final instrument calibration before it officially begins studying distant stars later this summer, NASA said. In July, the telescope will share its first suite of science images, targeting galaxies and objects that “highlight all the Webb sciences themes … from the early universe, to galaxies over time, to the life cycle of stars, and to other worlds,” Klaus Pontoppidan, Webb project scientist at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, said in the news briefing.

Scientists predict that Webb will be able to image distant objects up to 100 times too faint for the Hubble Space Telescope to see. The telescope was designed to observe the dim light of the earliest stars in the universe, dating to about 13.8 billion years ago — just millions of years after the Big Bang.

NASA launched the $10 billion Webb telescope on Dec. 25, 2021, sending the telescope on a 930,000-mile (1.5 million kilometer) journey to its final position in the sky. The telescope is composed of 18 hexagonal mirror segments, fitted together into one large, 21-foot-wide (6.4 m) mirror. The design allowed the telescope’s mirror system to be folded inside a rocket at launch — unlike Webb’s predecessor, the Hubble Space Telescope, which has just one primary mirror that measures about 7.8 feet (2.4 m) across, Live Science previously reported.

Story Highlights

  • According to CBS News, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland’s Michael McElwain, James Webb Space Telescope project scientist, said, “I’m thrilled to report that the telescope alignment has been completed with performance even better than we had anticipated.” “We were able to achieve nearly flawless telescope alignment. There are no changes to the telescope optics that would boost our science performance significantly.”

  • While the Spitzer image shows a blur of seven or so nearby stars located in the Large Magellanic Cloud (a satellite galaxy that orbits the Milky Way), the Webb image of the same region captures the foreground stars in sharp detail, offset by wispy clouds of interstellar gas and hundreds of background stars and galaxies, captured in what NASA calls “unprecedented detail.”