The 54-year-old, who took over as leader of the governing Social Democrat party earlier this month, was elected as outgoing leader Stefan Lofven’s successor during a confirmation vote in parliament on Wednesday.
Under Sweden’s system, a prime ministerial candidate does not need the support of a majority in parliament, they just need to not have a majority against them.
Despite being a nation that has long championed gender equality, Sweden has never had a woman as prime minister.
Andersson, who currently serves as Sweden’s finance minister, will formally take over as prime minister following a meeting with King Carl XVI Gustaf on Friday.
Sweden‘s parliament has confirmed Social Democrat leader Magdalena Andersson as the country’s first female prime minister.
A total of 117 members of parliament voted for her, while 174 voted against her. Fifty-seven abstained.
All other Nordic countries – Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland – have seen women lead their governments.
Left Party deal
Andersson’s appointment came after she clinched a last-minute deal with the Left Party on Tuesday, securing key support in exchange for a pledge to raise pensions. “We have reached an agreement to strengthen the finances of the poorest pensioners,” Andersson told public broadcaster SVT after the agreement was announced.
Left Party leader Nooshi Dadgostar also confirmed the deal. “We’re not going to block Andersson,” she told Swedish Radio. Andersson had already received the support of the Greens, the Social Democrats’ coalition partner in government.
The Centre Party had said it would not block her from taking over following Lofven’s decision to step down earlier this month and risk allowing an alternative right-wing government to emerge. Opposition hurdle
Three opposition parties have put forward a common budget that is likely to win parliament’s approval instead, threatening to plunge Andersson into an immediate crisis. That means Andersson is likely to face the prospect of governing on right-of-centre budget policies, at least until spring, when the government has a chance to rework policy in a fresh budget bill.
She said the deal between the ruling coalition and the Left Party had “drawn the government further to the left”. However, Centre Party leader Annie Loof said her party would not vote “yes” to the government’s proposed budget in a vote in parliament later on Wednesday, meaning an opposition finance bill was likely to pass.